Nubia in Christian period (8th-12th century)

provinces and major cities of Christian Nubia

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- UNESCO General History of Africa, III - Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century, Paris 2000

- UNESCO General History of Africa, IV - Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century, Paris 2000

- ZARROUG, Mohi el-Din Abdalla - The Kingdom of Alwa, University of Calgary Press, 1991

- RUFFINI, Giovanni R. - Medieval Nubia, A Social and Economic History,

- DRZEWIECKI, Mariusz - Mighty Kingdoms and their Forts, Warsaw 2016

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